THE THINKING PROCESS OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS’ IN SOLVING MATHEMATIC PROBLEM BASED ON GENDER

Dwi Avita Nurhidayah

Abstract


The aim of this study is to find out the students thinking process in solving mathematical
problems on the cubes and blocks material. This research is a qualitative descriptive study. The
research subject is the eight grade students of SMP Muhammadiyah 1 Ponorogo, 4 students.
Subject is taken based on gender and ability in mathematics. Data analysis was conducted based
think aloud protocol. Then, time triangulation was conducted between the first and the second
problems, and then method triangulation was done to obtain valid research subject data. This
research finally provides the student’s thinking process as follows. Female students, in
understanding the problem, use the thought process in establishing the understanding, then in
designing and planning solutions, they use the thought process and the formation of
understanding, then formation of opinion. Female students in finding solutions use the thought
process and the formation of the decision forming conclusions, and may address the issue based
on the steps that have been prepared. Furthermore, they use the thought process and the formation
of the decision forming conclusions in checking the solution of problems. Meanwhile, male
students in understanding the problem use the thought process of understanding the formation, in
designing and planning solutions they use the thought process and the formation of understanding
and opinion. Furthermore, male students in finding solutions use the thought process and the
formation of the decision forming conclusions. Then they use it in checking the results obtained.


Keywords


Thinking process, mathematics problem solving, gender

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