ORGANIZATION OF GENERIC STRUCTURE IN RECOUNT TEXTS WRITTEN BY THE UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS

Adip Arifin, Syamsudin Rois

Abstract


Learning the target language is actually a process of trial and error. It means that the process of
language learning always deals with making mistakes. The mistakes happen when the learners use
both spoken and written language, such as text. As known, there are twelve types of text, one of
them is recount text. This paper aims to describe the organization of generic structure (orientation,
sequence of events, and reorientation) in recount texts written by the participants.
This study used error analysis as the design. The data were taken from 15 recount texts, written by
the fourth semester students of English Department at STKIP PGRI Ponorogo. The technique of
collecting data used was written test composition. The data were analyzed by following the error
analysis theory.
The result of the study showed that the organization of generic structure in recount texts was less
satisfying, especially in the organization of reorientation aspect. Statistically, the mistakes found in
the organization of generic structure were 8 texts without the appropriate reorientation aspect
(equal to 53%) and 3 texts without the chronological sequence of events (equal to 20%). In case of
orientation aspect, the whole texts provided the adequate orientation.


Keywords


language mistake, generic structure, recount text

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