THE FORMULATION OF NATIONAL EDUCATION IN A VIEW OF PHILOSOPHY PANCASILA IN ASEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY (MEA) GLOBAL ERA

Rohmat Widiyanto

Abstract


The participation of Indonesia to the global community such as MEA, (Asean Economic Community),
AFTA and APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation) will raise concerns in the nation, when the
human resources Indonesia is not yet quite able and ready to face the globalization of the Indonesian
people will lagging behind, the statement can be examined from several international surveys such as
the Programs of international student Assessment (PISA) in international studies on reading literacy
achievement, Indonesian students aged 15 years and over was ranked 39th out of 41 countries
surveyed. Furthermore, in terms of institutions / universities that generate prospective experts are also
still very low, ranking universities in Indonesia which is under the university of Singapore and
Thailand (OECD, 2013). Education is universal and takes place continuously and uninterrupted
captivate the generations that. Education is a basic human right wherever he is. Education with a higher
purpose is to produce educated man and a good man and a whole must be formulated and designed
optimally for educational purposes aspired to be realized. The formulation of a good education should
be based on national education goals, while the national education goals should be developed based on
the philosophy adopted by a State or Pancasila. In realizing national education goals that have been
formulated or the educational process must be supported by several components including: 1)
curriculum, 2) Content Standards, 3) components of human resources, including teachers, experts and
students, 4) material, 5) facilities, 6) facilities and infrastructure, 7) media, 8) environments, including
family, school, community or cultural. This type of research This type of research is qualitative
descriptive writer. According to Bogdan (in Moeloeng, 2002: 3), qualitative research is "research
procedure that produces descriptive data in the form of words written or spoken of persons or behavior
and the object being observed. The purpose of research or study provides guidelines and an overview of
the formulation of national education improvement are good. So as to produce educated citizens in the
global community to meet the ASEAN Economic Community


Keywords


National Education, Philosophy of Pancasila, Human Self

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